The Youth Justice Legal Centre is part of Just for Kids Law.
The Home Office has published a concordat on children in custody, preventing the detention of children in police stations following charge. The concordat aims to clarify the legal and statutory duties of the police and local authorities. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 requires the transfer of children who have been charged and denied bail to more appropriate Local Authority accommodation, with a related duty in the Children Act 1989 for Local Authorities to accept these transfers.
The Lammy Review is an independent report into the treatment of and outcomes for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) in the criminal justice system. The Lammy Review highlights the current failings of the youth justice system and makes a number of important recommendations on how best to redress the disproportionate representation of BAME young people in the criminal justice system.
The European Court of Human Rights found that a child was subjected to “degrading” treatment contrary to Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) by being kept handcuffed and wearing just his underwear for at least two and a half hours and, subsequently, by being placed in a cell with adult detainees for three days.
Changes to pre-charge bail came into force on the 3 April 2017. Pre-charge bail is now set at an initial 28 day limit, previously there had been no limit. These changes are part of a number of provisions being brought into force in stages by the Policing and Crime Act 2017 (PCA 2017) which received royal assent on the 31st January 2017.
New versions of PACE Codes C, D and H were published on 23 February 2017. A number of the updates to the Codes are specifically applicable to children and bring into line the Code’s with the previous amendment to PACE made by the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 that defines a “juvenile” for the
The National Police Chief’s Council (NPCC) have published a new strategy on police custody. The strategy states that it aspires to use police custody as a ‘last resort’ for children.
Youth Justice Legal Centre guide to section 38 PACE and an overview of the police and local authority duties to transfer children detained in police cells post charge to local authority accommodation.
YJLC have produced a short animated film for children and young people arrested and taken to a police station.
Just for Kids Law has launched the #nochildincells campaign to ensure children are not kept in police cells overnight.
Raduvha v Minister of Safety and Security and Another  ZACC 24
The Constitutional Court of South Africa has confirmed that the ‘best interest’ principle, enshrined in Article 3 of the UNCRC and incorporated into South African domestic legislation, is to be paramount when police are considering arresting and detaining a child.
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